What are varicose veins and how to treat them?


What are varicose veins?

These are dark, swollen veins that are noticeable under the skin, also known as varicose veins. They appear when the vabulae of the veins, which are responsible for keeping blood flowing, become damaged and cause blood to be retained in that area causing clotting and swelling.

Varicose veins come in different sizes and shapes, most people suffer from them in the leg area although they can develop in other parts of the body.

There are different cases of varicose veins as they are very common, they can present in a bulging, dark way and even be painful for some patients.

What causes varicose veins?

As we mentioned at the beginning, the development of varicose veins occurs due to a failure in the system of veins around the entire body that happens as a result of an imbalance in blood pressure, this can be caused by various reasons such as:

  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Sedentariness.
  • A family history of varicose veins or venous thrombosis.
  • Constipation.
  • The development of a benign or malignant tumor.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Jobs that require constant standing.
  • Poor posture when sitting.
  • Old age.

Each of these conditions contribute to or can be the cause of varicose veins, because they cause changes in blood pressure and over time stimulate the appearance of varicose veins.

Symptoms of varicose veins.

The symptoms that we can identify below refer to the most common type of varicose veins, which appear on the legs and generate the following discomfort:

  • Pain in the legs.
  • Tiredness or a feeling of heaviness in the legs and feet.
  • Cramps for no apparent reason, with nightly regularity.
  • Bluish veins that are noticeable to the naked eye.
  • Changes in color in the legs.
  • Feeling hot.

Types of varicose veins

Superficial varicose veins or spider veins:

They appear as veins with shades of blue or purple, small, thin and intertwined with each other. However, they are more of an aesthetic problem than a health one. These types of varicose veins are the most common and do not cause health problems or major discomfort.

Truncal varicose veins:

They are dilated veins and can be present visibly or internally and invisibly, they can represent major physical complications.

Diagnosis of varicose veins.

With a physical examination the doctor can identify varicose veins and establish a clear diagnosis of the situation, however, in some cases imaging examinations known as venous Doppler ultrasound can be used to define the anatomy of the varicose vein and help establish a more specific treatment.

Treatments for varicose veins.

Physical Therapies:

There are certain recommendations that can be given to patients to conceal some varicose veins and prevent the development of new ones, these options are:

  • Cold therapy: Apply cold water to the legs and try massaging upwards. You can also resort to the option of using cold gels.
  • Wear compression stockings, these are ideal for improving blood flow.
  • Raising your legs frequently when lying on your back can help improve blood pressure.
  • Maintain a balanced weight.
  • Start a habit of physical movement such as sports.

Chemical Foam Treatment:

It is an option that consists of applying a sclerosing foam to the varicose vein and thus eliminating it. It is an effective treatment in cases of superficial veins, it helps to improve the physical appearance of the patient’s skin, it is also less invasive than surgery and has an immediate recovery.


In the case of internal varicose veins, which have a risk of thrombosis or health consequences, the vascular health doctor may suggest a surgical intervention that focuses on improving the condition of the vein.

Can varicose veins be prevented?

If you have a family history or want to prevent the appearance of varicose veins, you can improve your habits to have a healthy diet that keeps blood levels in balance, it is also advisable to have a daily exercise routine. Apply your laser treatment for varicose veins with DermoMédica

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