Skin cancer
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What is skin cancer?

Cancer is a genetically mutated disease that causes the growth spurt and accumulation of malignant cells in an organ of the body. In the case of skin cancer, it occurs in various ways on the skin, including the scalp.

There are certain statistics that speak of certain characteristics that make some people more likely than others to suffer from this disease.

We believe it is important to be informed about this condition in order to prevent it or detect it in early stages so that treatments can be more effective. We’ve got everything you need to know below.

Types of skin cancer.

Melanoma:

The most dangerous skin cancer but the least common. It is characterized by visible changes in one or more moles and even in the appearance of a new black one, irregular in shape and with an unpleasant appearance.

Basal cell carcinoma or basoelullary carcinoma.

This type of skin cancer develops in the basal cells, as its name says, these are responsible for replacing the skin cells when they die, so it is noticeable as a kind of transparent lump in areas of the skin, usually exposed to the sun.

Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

Squamous cells are part of the outer and middle layer of the skin, when cancer develops in these cells it can be evidenced as a deep lesion. Although it is not a fatal type of cancer, it can complicate the patient’s health if it is not treated in time and manages to spread to other areas.

Symptoms of skin cancer.

Each type of cancer has a different symptomatology, however, they are all based on a specific aspect: skin change. We will tell you the most alarming symptoms and have the help of a professional to know the real condition of your injury.

What causes skin cancer?

As we mentioned at the beginning, skin cancer is a condition that occurs as a result of a DNA mutation in which cells develop abnormally in some area.

The actual cause of this condition is not yet defined, however many scientists claim that excessive exposure to UV rays causes skin damage and favors the development of cancer.

Other risk factors that help patients be more careful about developing this condition include:

Diagnosing skin cancer.

To diagnose this condition, the first step is to identify the irregularity in the skin, the patient is the one who initiates the whole process by doing a self-assessment.

For example, if you suspect an irregular mole or maintain a preventive control due to the antecedents.

The dermatologist helps to check the patient’s doubts through a physical examination in which the progress of the lesion is taken into account, if cancer cells are suspected, a biopsy is performed.

A biopsy is a test in which a sample is removed from the lesion and sent to a clinical laboratory that helps determine whether or not malignant cells are present and how to classify them. Based on this information, the dermatologist defines the treatment.

Is there a cure for skin cancer?

The percentage chance of cure depends on each patient as well as on each type of skin cancer. For example, in common types such as basal cell and squamous cancer, there is a high probability that it will be cured, if it is detected in time and if the patient has a stable health condition.

On the other hand, melanoma can develop greater resistance as it is a more complex type of cancer that can be fatal.

At this point it is necessary to highlight the importance of maintaining care to prevent this disease, regulating sun exposure and having a periodic skin check are effective strategies to avoid the development of skin cancer.

Can anything be done to prevent skin cancer?

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