Psoriasis: A Close Look at Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

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Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that affects millions of people worldwide. As it can be an uncomfortable and frustrating condition for those who suffer from it, there are effective treatment options to manage it and improve quality of life.

In this article, we’ll explain what psoriasis is, how it’s diagnosed, and the characteristic symptoms. Join!

What is psoriasis?

It is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects the skin, although it can also manifest in the joints in more advanced cases.

It is characterized by accelerated production of skin cells, resulting in the accumulation of scaly, reddened patches. These patches, known as psoriatic plaques, usually appear on areas such as the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back.

Diagnosis of psoriasis:

Diagnosis is usually based on clinical evaluation of symptoms and review of the patient’s medical history. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.

Types of Psoriasis

There are several types of psoriasis, including plaque psoriasis, guttate psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, and erythrodermic psoriasis. Each type has distinctive characteristics, but they all share chronic skin inflammation.

For this reason, it is essential to have the examination of a professional who can determine the precise diagnosis in each case and recommend an ideal treatment.

Symptoms and triggers:

The most common symptoms of psoriasis include red, scaly patches on the skin, accompanied by itching and a feeling of dryness.

These patches can vary in size and can be painful in some cases.

In addition, the nails can also be affected, presenting dimples or thickening. Although the exact causes of psoriasis are not yet fully understood, genetic, immunological, and environmental factors are thought to play an important role in its development.

Some common triggers include stress, infections, alcohol use, and certain medications.

Treatment options:

The main goal of psoriasis treatment is to control symptoms and reduce inflammation.

Such a therapeutic approach may vary depending on the severity of the disease and the patient’s preferences. Treatment options include:

  • Topical medications.
  • Ultraviolet light therapy.
  • Oral medications.
  • More advanced biologic therapies.

Dr. Diana Tejada, a dermatologist, can offer a complete and personalized evaluation to determine the best treatment plan for each individual, tailored to their specific needs.

Schedule an appointment at DermoMédica.

If you’re dealing with psoriasis symptoms, it’s critical to seek the right professional care to receive the right care to manage the disease and improve your quality of life.

Remember, you don't have to face this condition alone.

Book one at DermoMédica and start taking care of your skin!

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