Mycosis: What is it and how is it treated?


What is mycosis?

Mycosis is defined as the disease or infection developed in humans as a result of fungal colonization.

Fungi are microorganisms that at one time were considered plants, however, as they do not carry out photosynthesis today they are considered parasites since they require the use of the conditions around them to survive.

Despite the wide variety of fungi on the planet, there are only a few species that can cause a fungal infection, which can be:

  • Superficial: It refers to skin, hair, and nails.
  • Intermediate: Candida infections.
  • Deep: Inner layers of the skin, internal organs, and/or joints.

Types of fungal infections

Malassezia furfur

A fungus capable of causing a cutaneous mycosis.

It is characterized by colonizing the outer part of the skin, epidermis, and producing the condition known as “Pityriasis versicolor”


It is a group of three fungi that can produce different fungal infections in the skin, affecting the fingernails and toenails, soles of the feet and fingers with the condition better known as “athlete’s foot”.

They are also often found on the skin of the face as red, itchy patches. It can also develop in the groin area.

Candida albicans

A type of fungus that requires local factors such as humidity, heat, etc., to survive. It can be found generating any habitat to survive on the skin, for example in diaper rash in babies.

Symptoms of fungal infections

Depending on the type of fungus that causes the infection, as well as its level of penetration into the skin, various types of symptoms can be found, which we will mention below:

  • Redness of the skin.
  • Itch.
  • Ardour.
  • Displacement of the skin, as if it were scales.
  • Dehydration.
  • Appearance of lumps or pockets of water.
  • Scabs around the stains.
  • White spots.
  • Loss of skin color

Causes of Mycosis in the Skin

Cutaneous mycosis is caused by contact with one of the species of fungi capable of affecting the human body.

Contact can occur by accessing contaminated places and even by the travel of these microorganisms through the air, as well as by moving contaminated objects inside the home or by contact with animals.

The causes why a patient can develop a fungal infection are very variable, so it is important to be evaluated by a professional in order to issue a good treatment.


To diagnose fungal infections, the dermatologist may use observation techniques to show the presence of the microorganism.

A superficial sample of skin, nail, or hair is taken and viewed under a microscope. In other more complex cases of examination, a microbiological culture is requested that encourages the proliferation of fungi in a given space in order to define a better treatment.

In most cases, the doctor can determine the fungal infection just by looking at the symptoms caused.

Treatment for cutaneous fungal infections

It is used to finish skin fungal infections, topical ointments and antifungals as a first treatment strategy. In more in-depth cases, oral medications may be indicated to more comprehensively impact the problem.

Do you think you have a fungal infection?

At Dermomédica we can help you heal it.

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