Hyperkeratosis, Treatments, and Types

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What is hyperkeratosis?

Hyperkeratosis is defined as the physiological disorder that is generated in the outer layer of the skin and presents as hardening or thickening of the affected area, it is a body solution that seeks to protect the areas of the body exposed to continuous friction.

This condition occurs visibly and affects the aesthetic image of patients who experience it, as it can be seen as calluses or reddish inflammation on the skin.

To define it in a more technical way, it can also be described as an increase in the production of keratin that accumulates, protecting the skin from the external factor to which it is continuously subjected.

What causes hyperkeratosis?

As mentioned at the beginning, hyperkeratosis, in most cases, is caused by the constant exposure of the skin to pressure or friction, although there are other factors that can cause this disorder such as:

  • Genetic conditions: Cases in which the function of skin cells is altered and produces the protective effect of the skin.
  • Aging: As the years go by, changes in the functioning of the body are introduced.
  • Inappropriate footwear or posture failure: An uneven gait can motivate the body to cover unexpected areas as a result of rubbing when walking.
  • Diseases that affect the skin such as HPV or psoriasis.

Symptoms of hyperkeratosis.

  • Warts: This symptom is related to viral infections such as HPV and develops as a pellet of keratinous material that can take place in various areas of the body.
  • Tripe: Also known as the biomechanical effect, it is the hardening of the skin in areas of friction such as the soles of the hands and feet.
  • Ichthyosis: It is related to a genetic characteristic.

Types of hyperkeratosis

Hyperkeratosis of helomas or calluses:

The most common type of this condition occurs as a result of rubbing against an area of skin. They are common to find on the hands, fingers, around the nails, soles of the feet, around the heel, elbows, knees, etc.

They can be identified as a hardened, cracked, yellowish area of skin that, in some cases, can be painful.

Hyperkeratosis of papillomas:

Warts are identified as tumors in various areas of the skin, they can develop as an individual lump or together as a cauliflower. They occur exclusively from the spread of the human papillomavirus (HPV)

Diagnosis of hyperkeratosis.

A dermatologist performs a physical exam to check for hyperkeratosis. If you suspect a different type of condition, he or she may recommend blood tests to identify the cause.

Treatments for Hyperkeratosis

Pharmacological:

One of the initial treatments is the one that is provided progressively and stimulates the hydration of the skin.

Changes in external stimulus:

Some doctors may recommend physical changes to footwear, insoles to improve the gait.

You can consult with Dr. Diana Tejada

The ideal treatment to improve the appearance of your skin.

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